Give example of package adoption
[packaging-tutorial.git] / packaging-tutorial.tex
index c1a960a..7b4efea 100644 (file)
@@ -1,16 +1,26 @@
 \documentclass[10pt,final]{beamer}
 \mode<presentation>
-\usetheme{lucasdeb}
+\usetheme{debian}
+
+%Translators:
+%change debiantutorial to debiantutorial.$lang to use translated file, and
+%append to this string all commands to load localisation packages, e.g.:
+%\\usepackage{debiantutorial.fr} \\usepackage[french]{babel} \\frenchsetup{...}
 \usepackage{debiantutorial}
 
-\hypersetup{pdftitle={An Introduction to Debian Packaging},bookmarks}
-\title{An Introduction to Debian Packaging}
+\hypersetup{bookmarks}
+\title{Debian Packaging Tutorial}
 \author[]{Lucas Nussbaum\\{\small\texttt{lucas@debian.org}}}
-\institute{\includegraphics[viewport=274 335 360 440,width=1cm]{figs/openlogo-nd.pdf}}
-\date{}
+
+%Translators:
+%leave \\version unchanged: this will a variable containing the actual version
+%To translate the date, use \\today or a string containing \\year, \\month, \\day
+%(numeric values).
+\date{\footnotesize version 0.5 -- 2012-01-14} % DATE - use debian/rules update-version-date
 
 \begin{document}
 
+
 \frame{\titlepage}
 
 \begin{frame}{About this tutorial}
@@ -21,6 +31,8 @@
     \item Modify existing packages
       \hbr
     \item Create your own packages
+           \hbr
+    \item Interact with the Debian community
       \hbr
     \item Become a Debian power-user
     \end{itemize}
        \begin{itemize}
                \item \textbf{GNU/Linux distribution}
                        \br
-               \item 1st major distro developed "openly in the spirit of GNU"
+               \item 1st major distro developed ``openly in the spirit of GNU''
                        \br
-               \item \textbf{Non-commercial}, built collaboratively by more than 1000 volunteers
-                       \br
-               \item 30000 binary packages ; 12 ports (inc. 2 non-Linux) ; 120 derivatives
+               \item \textbf{Non-commercial}, built collaboratively by over 1,000 volunteers
                        \br
                \item 3 main features:
                        \begin{itemize}
                                \item \textbf{Independence} -- no (single) company babysitting Debian\\
                                        And open decision-making process (\textsl{do-ocracy} + \textsl{democracy})
                        \end{itemize}
+                        \br
+                \item \textbf{Amateur} in the best sense: done for the love of it
        \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
+\subsection{Debian packages}
+\begin{frame}{Debian packages}
+\begin{itemize}
+\item \textbf{.deb} files (binary packages)
+       \br
+\item A very powerful and convenient way to distribute software to users
+       \br
+\item One of the two most common packages format (with RPM)
+       \br
+\item Universal:
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item 30,000 binary packages in Debian\\
+                       $\rightarrow$ most of the available free software is packaged in Debian!
+                       \hbr
+               \item For 12 ports (architectures), including 2 non-Linux (Hurd; KFreeBSD)
+                       \hbr
+               \item Also used by 120 Debian derivatives distributions
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
 
 
 \subsection{The Deb package format}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{The Deb package format}
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item One of the two most common packages format (with RPM)
-  \item A very powerful and convenient way to distribute software to users
   \item \texttt{.deb} file: an \texttt{ar} archive
     \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 $ ar tv wget_1.12-2.1_i386.deb
@@ -91,11 +121,13 @@ rw-r--r-- 0/0 751613 Sep  5 15:43 2010 data.tar.gz
       {\small \texttt{\textbf{control}, md5sums, (pre|post)(rm|inst), triggers, shlibs}, \ldots}
     \item \texttt{data.tar.gz}: data files of the package
     \end{itemize}
+    \br
   \item You could create your \texttt{.deb} files manually\\
     {\footnotesize \url{http://tldp.org/HOWTO/html\_single/Debian-Binary-Package-Building-HOWTO/}}
+    \br
   \item But most people don't do it that way
   \end{itemize}
-  \hbr
+  \br
   \centerline{\textbf{This tutorial: create Debian packages, the Debian way}}
 \end{frame}
 
@@ -154,18 +186,48 @@ rw-r--r-- 0/0 751613 Sep  5 15:43 2010 data.tar.gz
   \end{center}
 \end{frame}
 
+\subsection{Rebuilding dash}
+\begin{frame}{Example: rebuilding dash}
+\begin{enumerate}
+\item Install packages needed to build dash, and devscripts\\
+  {\texttt{sudo apt-get build-dep dash}\\ (requires \texttt{deb-src} lines in \texttt{/etc/apt/sources.list})}\\
+  {\texttt{sudo apt-get install -{}-no-install-recommends devscripts}}
+  \hbr
+\item Create a working directory, and get in it:\\
+ \texttt{mkdir /tmp/debian-tutorial ; cd /tmp/debian-tutorial}
+  \hbr
+\item Grab the \texttt{dash} source package\\
+  \texttt{apt-get source dash}\\ 
+  {\small (This needs you to have \texttt{deb-src} lines in your \texttt{/etc/apt/sources.list})}
+  \hbr
+\item Build the package\\
+  {\texttt{cd dash-*\\ debuild -us -uc}} ~~~(\texttt{-us -uc} disables signing the package with GPG)
+
+  \hbr
+\item Check that it worked
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item  There are some new \texttt{.deb} files in the parent directory
+       \end{itemize}
+    \hbr
+\item Look at the \texttt{debian/} directory
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item That's where the packaging work is done
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{enumerate}
+\end{frame}
+
 \section{Creating source packages}
 \subsection{Source packages basics}
 \begin{frame}{Source package}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item One source package can generate several binary packages\\
     {\small e.g the \texttt{\bfseries libtar} source generates the
-      \texttt{\bfseries libtar} and \texttt{\bfseries libtar-dev} binary
+      \texttt{\bfseries libtar0} and \texttt{\bfseries libtar-dev} binary
       packages} \hbr
   \item Two kinds of packages: (if unsure, use non-native)
     \begin{itemize}
       \small
-    \item Native packages: software developed inside Debian (\textsl{dpkg}, \textsl{apt})
+    \item Native packages: normally for Debian specific software (\textsl{dpkg}, \textsl{apt})
     \item Non-native packages: software developed outside Debian
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
@@ -188,7 +250,7 @@ rw-r--r-- 0/0 751613 Sep  5 15:43 2010 data.tar.gz
       \end{itemize}
     \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
-  \br
+  \hbr
   (See \texttt{dpkg-source(1)} for exact details)
 \end{frame}
 
@@ -235,6 +297,11 @@ Files:
       (\href{http://snapshot.debian.org/}{\ttfamily snapshot.d.o} provides all packages from Debian since 2005)
     \end{itemize}
     \br
+  \item From the (declared) version control system:
+    \begin{itemize}
+    \item \texttt{debcheckout \textsl{package}}
+    \end{itemize}
+    \br
   \item Once downloaded, extract with \texttt{dpkg-source -x \textsl{file.dsc}}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
@@ -265,13 +332,13 @@ Files:
   \begin{itemize}
   \item Main files:
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item \textbf{changelog} -- history of the Debian package
-    \item \textbf{copyright} -- copyright information for the package
     \item \textbf{control} -- meta-data about the package (dependencies, etc)
     \item \textbf{rules} -- specifies how to build the package
+    \item \textbf{copyright} -- copyright information for the package
+    \item \textbf{changelog} -- history of the Debian package
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
-  \item Optional files:
+  \item Other files:
     \begin{itemize}
     \item compat
     \item watch
@@ -280,21 +347,36 @@ Files:
     \item maintainer scripts\\
       {\small *.postinst, *.prerm, \ldots}
     \item source/format
-    \item patches -- if you need to modify the upstream sources
+    \item patches/ -- if you need to modify the upstream sources
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
-  \item Most of the files use a format based on RFC 822 (mail headers)
+  \item Several files use a format based on RFC 822 (mail headers)
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/changelog}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item Lists the Debian packaging changes
-  \item Edited manually or with \texttt{dch}
+  \item Gives the current version of the package
+  \begin{center}
+    \begin{tikzpicture}
+           \draw (0,0) node[above right] {\large 1.2.1.1-5};
+           \draw [decorate,decoration={brace}] (2,0) -- (1.45,0) node[at start,below,text width=1.6cm,text centered] {\small  Debian revision};
+           \draw [decorate,decoration={brace}] (1.4,0) -- (0,0) node[midway,below,text width=1.6cm,text centered] { \small Upstream version};
+\end{tikzpicture}
+\end{center}
+
+
+         %%
+  \item Edited manually or with \textttc{dch}
+  \begin{itemize}
+         \item Create a changelog entry for a new release: \textttc{dch -i}
+  \end{itemize}
   \item Special format to automatically close Debian or Ubuntu bugs\\
-    Debian: \texttt{Closes:~\#595268} ; Ubuntu: \texttt{LP:~\#616929}
+    Debian: \texttt{Closes:~\#595268}; Ubuntu: \texttt{LP:~\#616929}
   \item Installed as \texttt{/usr/share/doc/\textit{package}/changelog.Debian.gz}
   \end{itemize}
+  \seprule
   \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 mpich2 (1.2.1.1-5) unstable; urgency=low
 
@@ -308,35 +390,6 @@ mpich2 (1.2.1.1-5) unstable; urgency=low
 \end{lstlisting}
 \end{frame}
 
-\begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/copyright}
-  \hbr
-  \begin{itemize}
-  \item Copyright and license information for the source and the packaging
-  \item Traditionally written as a text file
-  \item New machine-readable format: \url{http://dep.debian.net/deps/dep5/}
-  \end{itemize}
-  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
-Format: <VERSIONED_FORMAT_URL>
-Upstream-Name: X Solitaire
-Source: ftp://ftp.example.com/pub/games
-
-Files: *
-Copyright: Copyright 1998 John Doe <jdoe@example.com>
-License: GPL-2+
- This program is free software; you can redistribute it
- [...]
- .
- On Debian systems, the full text of the GNU General Public
- License version 2 can be found in the file
- `/usr/share/common-licenses/GPL-2'.
-
-Files: debian/*
-Copyright: Copyright 1998 Jane Smith <jsmith@example.net>
-License:
- [LICENSE TEXT]
-\end{lstlisting}
-\end{frame}
-
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/control}
   \hbr
   \begin{itemize}
@@ -351,6 +404,7 @@ License:
   \item Documentation: Debian Policy chapter 5\\
     \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-controlfields.html}
   \end{itemize}
+  \seprule
 \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 Source: wget
 Section: web
@@ -373,7 +427,7 @@ Description: retrieves files from the web
   Two kinds of binary packages:
   \hbr
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Packages with a different content on each Debian architecture
+  \item Packages with different contents on each Debian architecture
     \begin{itemize}
     \item Example: C program
     \item \texttt{Architecture:\ any} in \texttt{debian/control}
@@ -381,7 +435,7 @@ Description: retrieves files from the web
       \item Or, if it only works on a subset of architectures:\\
         \texttt{Architecture:\ amd64 i386 ia64 hurd-i386}
       \end{itemize}
-    \item Packages for other architectures built by the Debian infrastructure
+    \item buildd.debian.org: builds all the other architectures for you on upload
     \item Named \texttt{\textsl{package}\_\textsl{version}\_\textsl{architecture}.deb}
     \end{itemize}
     \br
@@ -392,6 +446,8 @@ Description: retrieves files from the web
     \item Named \texttt{\textsl{package}\_\textsl{version}\_\textbf{all}.deb}
     \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
+  \br
+  A source package can generate a mix of \texttt{Architecture:\ any} and \texttt{Architecture:\ all} binary packages
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/rules}
@@ -446,8 +502,8 @@ Description: retrieves files from the web
     \item Called from \texttt{debian/rules}
     \item Configurable using command parameters or files in \texttt{debian/}
     \end{itemize}
-    {\footnotesize \ttfamily dirs, package.docs, package.examples,
-      package.install, package.manpages, \ldots} \hbr
+    {\footnotesize \ttfamily \textsl{package}.docs, \textsl{package}.examples,
+      \textsl{package}.install, \textsl{package}.manpages, \ldots} \hbr
   \item Third-party helpers for sets of packages: \textbf{python-support},
     \textbf{dh\_ocaml}, \ldots \hbr
   \item Gotcha: \texttt{debian/compat}: Debhelper compatibility version (use "7")
@@ -455,7 +511,7 @@ Description: retrieves files from the web
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/rules using debhelper (1/2)}
-  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
+  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize,escapeinside=\{\}]
 #!/usr/bin/make -f
 
 # Uncomment this to turn on verbose mode.
@@ -483,7 +539,7 @@ install: build
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/rules using debhelper (2/2)}
-  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
+  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize,escapeinside=\{\}]
 
 # Build architecture-independent files here.
 binary-indep: build install
@@ -495,7 +551,7 @@ binary-arch: build install
         dh_installchangelogs 
         dh_installdocs
         dh_installexamples
-#       dh_install
+        dh_install
         dh_installman
         dh_link
         dh_strip
@@ -515,25 +571,28 @@ binary: binary-indep binary-arch
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{CDBS}
   \hbr
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Still a lot of redundancy between packages
+  \item With debhelper, still a lot of redundancy between packages
     \hbr
-  \item Second-level helpers that factor common funtionality
+  \item Second-level helpers that factor common functionality
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item Building with \texttt{./configure \&\& make \&\& make install} or CMake
-    \item Support for Perl, Python, Ruby, GNOME, KDE, Java, Haskell, \ldots
+    \item E.g building with \texttt{./configure \&\& make \&\& make install} or CMake
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
   \item CDBS:
     \begin{itemize}
     \item Introduced in 2005, based on advanced \textsl{GNU make} magic
     \item Documentation: \texttt{/usr/share/doc/cdbs/}
+    \item Support for Perl, Python, Ruby, GNOME, KDE, Java, Haskell, \ldots
     \item But some people hate it:
       \begin{itemize}
       \item Sometimes difficult to customize package builds:\\
-        "\textsl{twisty maze of makefiles, environment vars and black magic}"
+        "\textsl{twisty maze of makefiles and environment variables}"
       \item Slower than plain debhelper (many useless calls to \texttt{dh\_*})
       \end{itemize}
-      \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
+    \end{itemize}
+  \end{itemize}
+  \seprule
+      \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize,escapeinside=\{\}]
 #!/usr/bin/make -f
 include /usr/share/cdbs/1/rules/debhelper.mk
 include /usr/share/cdbs/1/class/autotools.mk
@@ -542,8 +601,6 @@ include /usr/share/cdbs/1/class/autotools.mk
 build/mypackage::
     /bin/bash debian/scripts/foo.sh
       \end{lstlisting}
-    \end{itemize}
-  \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{Dh (aka Debhelper 7, or dh7)}
@@ -556,9 +613,10 @@ build/mypackage::
     \hbr
   \item Easier to customize than CDBS
     \hbr
-  \item Doc: manpages (\texttt{debhelper(7)}, \texttt{dh(1)}) + slides from DebConf'9 talk\\
+  \item Doc: manpages (\texttt{debhelper(7)}, \texttt{dh(1)}) + slides from DebConf9 talk\\
     \url{http://kitenet.net/~joey/talks/debhelper/debhelper-slides.pdf}
-    \br
+  \end{itemize}
+  \seprule
     \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 #!/usr/bin/make -f
 %:
@@ -571,25 +629,24 @@ override_dh_auto_build:
      make world
 
     \end{lstlisting}
-  \end{itemize} %$
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}{Classic debhelper vs CDBS vs dh}
   \hbr
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Market shares: (feb'11)\\
-    Classic debhelper: 45\% \hskip 1em CDBS: 24\% \hskip 1em  dh: 29\%
+  \item Mind shares:\\
+    Classic debhelper: 36\% \hskip 1em CDBS: 21\% \hskip 1em  dh: 41\%
     \hbr
   \item Which one should I learn?
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item Probably all of them
+    \item Probably a bit of all of them
     \item You need to know debhelper to use dh and CDBS
     \item You might have to modify CDBS packages
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
   \item Which one should I use for a new package?
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item \textbf{dh} (only solution with an increasing market share)
+    \item \textbf{dh} (only solution with an increasing mind share)
     \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
   
@@ -599,8 +656,8 @@ override_dh_auto_build:
 \begin{axis}[small,label style={font=\footnotesize},xlabel={\small Time},ylabel={\small Market share (\%)},
        date coordinates in=x,height=4.85cm,width=9cm,xticklabel={\month/\year},
             legend style={font=\footnotesize,at={(1.02,1)},anchor=north west},max space between ticks=82,try min ticks=5,ymin=0]
-       \addplot[mark=none,blue,thick] table[x=date,y=dh] {cdbs-dh7.txt};
-       \addplot[mark=none,red,thick] table[x=date,y=dh7] {cdbs-dh7.txt};
+       \addplot[mark=none,blue,thick,style=densely dotted] table[x=date,y=dh] {cdbs-dh7.txt};
+       \addplot[mark=none,red,thick,style=dashed] table[x=date,y=dh7] {cdbs-dh7.txt};
        \addplot[mark=none,green,thick] table[x=date,y=cdbs] {cdbs-dh7.txt};
        \legend{debhelper, dh, CDBS}
 \end{axis}
@@ -614,7 +671,8 @@ override_dh_auto_build:
 \begin{frame}{Building packages}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item \textttc{apt-get build-dep mypackage}\\
-    Installs the \textsl{build-dependencies} (for a package in the archive)
+    Installs the \textsl{build-dependencies} (for a package already in Debian)\\
+    Or \textttc{mk-build-deps -ir} (inside the package source tree)
     
     \br
   \item \textttc{debuild}: build, test with \texttt{lintian}, sign with GPG
@@ -627,15 +685,17 @@ override_dh_auto_build:
   \item It is better to build packages in a clean \& minimal environment
     \begin{itemize}
     \item \textttc{pbuilder} -- helper to build packages in a \textsl{chroot}\\
-      Good documentation: \url{https://wiki.ubuntu.com/PbuilderHowto}
+      Good documentation: \url{https://wiki.ubuntu.com/PbuilderHowto}\\
+      (optimization: \textttc{cowbuilder} \textttc{ccache} \textttc{distcc})
       \hbr
     \item \textttc{schroot} and \textttc{sbuild}: used on the Debian build daemons\\
-      (not as easy to use as \texttt{pbuilder})
+      (not as simple as \texttt{pbuilder}, but allows LVM snapshots\\
+       see: \url{https://help.ubuntu.com/community/SbuildLVMHowto} )
     \end{itemize}
     \br
-  \item Generate \texttt{.deb} files and a \texttt{.changes} file
+  \item Generates \texttt{.deb} files and a \texttt{.changes} file
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item \texttt{.changes}: describes what was built ; used to upload the package
+    \item \texttt{.changes}: describes what was built; used to upload the package
     \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
@@ -659,27 +719,73 @@ override_dh_auto_build:
     Documentation: \url{http://mirrorer.alioth.debian.org/}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
-\section{Practical session: modifying the grep package}
-\begin{frame}{Practical session: modifying the grep package}
+\section{Practical session 1: modifying the grep package}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 1: modifying the grep package}
   \begin{enumerate}
   \item Go to \url{http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/g/grep/} and
-    download version 2.6.3-3 of the package
+    download version 2.6.3-3 of the package (if you use Ubuntu 11.10 or
+    later, or Debian testing or unstable, use version 2.9-1 or 2.9-2 instead)
+    \begin{itemize}
+                  \item If the source package is not unpacked automatically, unpack it with
+                          \texttt{dpkg-source~-x~grep\_*.dsc}
+    \end{itemize}
+
   \item Look at the files in \texttt{debian/}.
     \begin{itemize}
     \item              How many binary packages are generated by this source package?
     \item              Which packaging helper does this package use?
     \end{itemize}
+    \hbr
   \item Build the package
+    \hbr
   \item We are now going to modify the package. Add a changelog entry and increase the version number.
+    \hbr
   \item Now disable perl-regexp support (it is a \texttt{./configure} option)
+    \hbr
   \item Rebuild the package
+    \hbr
   \item Compare the original and the new package with debdiff
+    \hbr
   \item Install the newly built package
+    \hbr
   \item Cry if you messed up ;)
   \end{enumerate}
 \end{frame}
 
 \section{Advanced packaging topics}
+\subsection{debian/copyright}
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{debian/copyright}
+  \hbr
+  \begin{itemize}
+  \item Copyright and license information for the source and the packaging
+  \item Traditionally written as a text file
+  \item New machine-readable format: \url{http://dep.debian.net/deps/dep5/}
+  \end{itemize}
+  \seprule
+  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
+Format: <VERSIONED_FORMAT_URL>
+Upstream-Name: X Solitaire
+Source: ftp://ftp.example.com/pub/games
+
+Files: *
+Copyright: Copyright 1998 John Doe <jdoe@example.com>
+License: GPL-2+
+ This program is free software; you can redistribute it
+ [...]
+ .
+ On Debian systems, the full text of the GNU General Public
+ License version 2 can be found in the file
+ `/usr/share/common-licenses/GPL-2'.
+
+Files: debian/*
+Copyright: Copyright 1998 Jane Smith <jsmith@example.net>
+License:
+ [LICENSE TEXT]
+\end{lstlisting}
+\end{frame}
+
+
+
 \subsection{Modifying the upstream source}
 \begin{frame}{Modifying the upstream source}
   Often needed:
@@ -710,36 +816,42 @@ override_dh_auto_build:
 \begin{frame}{Patch systems}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item Principle: changes are stored as patches in \texttt{debian/patches/}
-    \hbr
+    \br
   \item Applied and unapplied during build
-    \hbr
-  \item Several implementations: \textsl{simple-patchsys} (\textsl{cdbs} only),
-    \textsl{dpatch}, \textbf{\textsl{quilt}} \hbr
+    \br
+  \item Past: several implementations -- \textsl{simple-patchsys} (\textsl{cdbs}),
+    \textsl{dpatch}, \textbf{\textsl{quilt}}
+    \begin{itemize}
   \item Each supports two \texttt{debian/rules} targets:
     \begin{itemize}
     \item \texttt{debian/rules patch}: apply all patches
     \item \texttt{debian/rules unpatch}: de-apply all patches
     \end{itemize}
-    \hbr
+         \hbr
   \item More documentation: \url{http://wiki.debian.org/debian/patches}
   \end{itemize}
   \br
-  Future: new source package format with built-in patch system: \textbf{3.0 (quilt)}
+  \item \textbf{New source package format with built-in patch system: 3.0 (quilt)}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item Recommended solution
+         \hbr
   \item You need to learn \textsl{quilt}\\
     \url{http://pkg-perl.alioth.debian.org/howto/quilt.html}
-    
+    \hbr
+  \item Patch-system-agnostic tool in \texttt{devscripts}: \texttt{edit-patch}
+  \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
 \begin{frame}[fragile]{Documentation of patches}
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Standard headers
-    \hbr
-  \item Documented in DEP3 - Patch Tagging Guidelines\\
+         \item Standard headers at the beginning of the patch
+    \br
+  \item Documented in DEP-3 - Patch Tagging Guidelines\\
     \url{http://dep.debian.net/deps/dep3/}
   \end{itemize}
+  \vfill
+\seprule
   \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 Description: Fix widget frobnication speeds
  Frobnicating widgets too quickly tended to cause explosions.
@@ -747,6 +859,10 @@ Forwarded: http://lists.example.com/2010/03/1234.html
 Author: John Doe <johndoe-guest@users.alioth.debian.org>
 Applied-Upstream: 1.2, http://bzr.foo.com/frobnicator/revision/123
 Last-Update: 2010-03-29
+
+--- a/src/widgets.c
++++ b/src/widgets.c
+@@ -101,9 +101,6 @@ struct {
 \end{lstlisting}
 \end{frame}
 
@@ -759,6 +875,9 @@ Last-Update: 2010-03-29
     \hbr
   \item Done in \textsl{maintainer scripts}\\
     \texttt{preinst, postinst, prerm, postrm}
+    \begin{itemize}
+           \item  Snippets for common actions can be generated by debhelper
+    \end{itemize}
     \hbr
   \item Documentation:
     \begin{itemize}
@@ -795,7 +914,8 @@ http://tmrc.mit.edu/mirror/twisted/Twisted/(\d\.\d)/ \
     \textbf{Debian External Health Status}\\
     \url{http://dehs.alioth.debian.org/}
     \br
-  \item Maintainer warned by emails sent to the Packages Tracking System
+  \item Maintainer warned by emails sent to the Package Tracking System\\
+    \url{http://packages.qa.debian.org/}
     \br
   \item \texttt{uscan}: run a manual check
     \br
@@ -803,8 +923,8 @@ http://tmrc.mit.edu/mirror/twisted/Twisted/(\d\.\d)/ \
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
-\subsection{Packaging with a VCS (SVN, Git \& friends)}
-\begin{frame}[fragile]{Packaging with a VCS (SVN, Git \& friends)}
+\subsection{Packaging with a Version Control System (SVN, Git)}
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{Packaging with a Version Control System}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item Several tools to help manage branches and tags for your packaging work:\\
     \texttt{svn-buildpackage}, \texttt{git-buildpackage}
@@ -818,99 +938,111 @@ http://tmrc.mit.edu/mirror/twisted/Twisted/(\d\.\d)/ \
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
   \item \texttt{Vcs-*} fields in \texttt{debian/control} to locate the repository
-  \end{itemize}
+         \begin{itemize}
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Alioth/Git}
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Alioth/Svn}
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
   \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 Vcs-Browser: http://git.debian.org/?p=devscripts/devscripts.git
 Vcs-Git: git://git.debian.org/devscripts/devscripts.git
-
+  \end{lstlisting}
+  \begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
 Vcs-Browser: http://svn.debian.org/viewsvn/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl/
 Vcs-Svn: svn://svn.debian.org/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl
   \end{lstlisting}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item VCS-agnostic interface: \texttt{debcheckout}, \texttt{debcommit},
     \texttt{debrelease}\\
-    \texttt{debcheckout devscripts} $\rightarrow$ check out the source package
+    \begin{itemize}
+           \item     \texttt{debcheckout grep} $\rightarrow$ checks out the source package
     from Git
+    \end{itemize}
 \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
+\subsection{Backporting packages}
+\begin{frame}{Backporting packages}
+  \begin{itemize}
+  \item Goal: use a newer version of a package on an older system\\
+         e.g use \textsl{mutt} from Debian \textsl{unstable} on Debian \textsl{stable}
+       \br
+  \item General idea:
+         \begin{itemize}
+               \item Take the source package from Debian unstable
+               \hbr
+               \item Modify it so that it builds and works fine on Debian stable
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item Sometimes trivial (no changes needed)
+                       \item Sometimes difficult
+                       \item Sometimes impossible (many unavailable dependencies)
+               \end{itemize}
+       \end{itemize}
+       \br
+   \item Some backports are provided and supported by the Debian project\\
+          \url{http://backports.debian.org/}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+
+
 \section{Maintaining packages in Debian}
 \subsection{Several ways to contribute to Debian}
 \begin{frame}{Several ways to contribute to Debian}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item \textbf{Worst} way to contribute:
-    \begin{itemize}
+    \begin{enumerate}
     \item Package your own application
     \item Get it into Debian
     \item Disappear
-    \end{itemize}
+    \end{enumerate}
     \br
-  \item Bring new software to Debian
+  \item \textbf{Better} ways to contribute:
+         \begin{itemize}
+                 \item Get involved in packaging teams
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item Only if it's interesting/useful enough, please
-    \item Are there alternatives already packaged in Debian?
+    \item Many teams that focus on set of packages, and need help
+    \item List available at \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams}
+    \item An excellent way to learn from more experienced contributors
     \end{itemize}
     \br
-  \item Adopt existing unmaintained packages (\textsl{orphaned packages})
-    \begin{itemize}
-    \item Many unmaintained packages in Debian
-    \item Including some that you use daily!
-    \end{itemize}
+\item Adopt existing unmaintained packages (\textsl{orphaned packages})
     \br
-  \item Get involved in packaging teams
+  \item Bring new software to Debian
     \begin{itemize}
-    \item Many teams that focus on set of packages, and need help
-    \item Full list on \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams}
-    \item An excellent way to work with more experienced contributors
+    \item Only if it's interesting/useful enough, please
+    \item Are there alternatives already packaged in Debian?
     \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
-\end{frame}
 
-\subsection{More interested in Ubuntu?}
-\begin{frame}{More interested in Ubuntu?}
-  \begin{itemize}
-  \item Ubuntu mainly manages the divergence with Debian
-    \br
-  \item No real focus on specific packages\\
-    Instead, collaboration with Debian teams
-    \br
-  \item Usually recommend uploading new packages to Debian first\\
-    \url{https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UbuntuDevelopment/NewPackages}
-    \br
-  \item Possibly a better plan:
-    \begin{itemize}
-    \item Get involved in a Debian team and act as a bridge with Ubuntu
-      \hbr
-    \item Help reduce divergence, triage bugs in Launchpad
-      \hbr
-    \item Many Debian tools can help:
-      \begin{itemize}
-      \item Ubuntu column on the Developer' packages overview
-      \item Ubuntu box on the Packages Tracking System
-      \item Receive launchpad bugmail via the PTS
-      \end{itemize}
-    \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
 \subsection{Adopting orphaned packages}
 \begin{frame}{Adopting orphaned packages}
+      \hbr
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Full list: \url{http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/}
+    \item Many unmaintained packages in Debian
+    \hbr
+  \item Full list + process: \url{http://www.debian.org/devel/wnpp/}
     \hbr
   \item Installed on your machine: \texttt{wnpp-alert}
     \hbr
   \item Different states:
     \begin{itemize}
+                   \small
     \item \textbf{O}rphaned: the package is unmaintained\\
       Feel free to adopt it
+      \hbr
     \item \textbf{RFA}: \textbf{R}equest \textbf{F}or \textbf{A}dopter\\
       Maintainer looking for adopter, but continues work in the meantime\\
       Feel free to adopt it. A mail to the current maintainer is polite
+      \hbr
     \item \textbf{ITA}: \textbf{I}ntent \textbf{T}o \textbf{A}dopt\\
       Someone intends to adopt the package\\
       You could propose your help!
-    \item \textbf{RFH}: (\textbf{R}equest \textbf{F}or \textbf{H}elp\\
+      \hbr
+    \item \textbf{RFH}: \textbf{R}equest \textbf{F}or \textbf{H}elp\\
       The maintainer is looking for help
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
@@ -918,26 +1050,71 @@ Vcs-Svn: svn://svn.debian.org/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl
     \hbr
   \item When in doubt, ask \texttt{debian-qa@lists.debian.org} \\
     or \texttt{\#debian-qa} on \texttt{irc.debian.org}
-    
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
-\section{Resources}
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{Adopting a package: example}
+\begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
+From: You <you@yourdomain>
+To: 640454@bugs.debian.org, control@bugs.debian.org
+Cc: Francois Marier <francois@debian.org>
+Subject: ITA: verbiste -- French conjugator
+
+retitle 640454 \textbf{ITA}: verbiste -- French conjugator
+owner 640454 !
+thanks
+
+Hi,
+
+I am using verbiste and I am willing to take care of the package.
+
+Cheers,
+
+You
+\end{lstlisting}
+
+\begin{itemize}
+\item Polite to contact the previous maintainer (especially if the package was RFAed, not orphaned)
+\item Very good idea to contact the upstream project
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\subsection{Getting your package in Debian}
+\begin{frame}{Getting your package in Debian}
+\begin{itemize}
+\item You do not need any official status to get your package into Debian
+       \begin{enumerate}
+               \item Prepare a source package
+                       \hbr
+               \item Find a Debian Developer that will sponsor your package
+       \end{enumerate}
+\br
+\item Official status (when you are already experienced):
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item \textbf{Debian Maintainer (DM):}\\
+                       Permission to upload your own packages\\
+                       See \url{http://wiki.debian.org/DebianMaintainer}
+                       \hbr
+               \item \textbf{Debian Developer (DD):}\\
+                       Debian project members; can vote and upload any package
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
 \subsection{Where to find help?}
 \begin{frame}{Where to find help?}
   Help you will need:
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Various advices and answers to your questions, code reviews
-  \item Sponsorship of your uploads, when your package is ready
+  \item Advice and answers to your questions, code reviews
+  \item Sponsorship for your uploads, once your package is ready
   \end{itemize}
   \br
   You can get help from:
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Other members of a packaging team: the best solution
+         \item \textbf{Other members of a packaging team}
     \begin{itemize}
     \item They know the specifics of your package
     \item You can become a member of the team
-    \item See \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams}
     \end{itemize}
     \hbr
   \item The Debian Mentors group (if your package doesn't fit in a team)
@@ -957,15 +1134,15 @@ Vcs-Svn: svn://svn.debian.org/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl
   \item Debian Developers' Corner\\
     \url{http://www.debian.org/devel/}\\
     {\small Links to many resources about Debian development}
-    \br
+    \hbr
   \item Debian New Maintainers' Guide\\
     \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/maint-guide/}\\
     {\small An introduction to Debian packaging, but could use an update}
-    \br
+    \hbr
   \item Debian Developer's Reference\\
     \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/developers-reference/}\\
     {\small Mostly about Debian procedures, but also some best packaging practices (part 6)}
-    \br
+    \hbr
   \item Debian Policy\\
     \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/}\\
     
@@ -973,13 +1150,50 @@ Vcs-Svn: svn://svn.debian.org/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl
       \item \small All the requirements that every package must satisfy
       \item \small Specific policies for Perl, Java, Python, \ldots
       \end{itemize}}
-    \br
+    \hbr
     
   \item Ubuntu Packaging Guide\\
     \url{https://wiki.ubuntu.com/PackagingGuide}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
+\begin{frame}{Debian dashboards for maintainers}
+  \begin{itemize}
+         \item \textbf{Source package centric}: Package Tracking System (PTS)\\
+    \url{http://packages.qa.debian.org/dpkg}
+    \br
+  \item \textbf{Maintainer/team centric}: Developer's Packages Overview (DDPO)\\
+    \url{http://qa.debian.org/developer.php?login=pkg-ruby-extras-maintainers@lists.alioth.debian.org}
+  \end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\subsection{More interested in Ubuntu?}
+\begin{frame}{More interested in Ubuntu?}
+  \begin{itemize}
+  \item Ubuntu mainly manages the divergence with Debian
+    \br
+  \item No real focus on specific packages\\
+    Instead, collaboration with Debian teams
+    \br
+  \item Usually recommend uploading new packages to Debian first\\
+    \url{https://wiki.ubuntu.com/UbuntuDevelopment/NewPackages}
+    \br
+  \item Possibly a better plan:
+    \begin{itemize}
+    \item Get involved in a Debian team and act as a bridge with Ubuntu
+      \hbr
+    \item Help reduce divergence, triage bugs in Launchpad
+      \hbr
+    \item Many Debian tools can help:
+      \begin{itemize}
+      \item Ubuntu column on the Developer's packages overview
+      \item Ubuntu box on the Package Tracking System
+      \item Receive launchpad bugmail via the PTS
+      \end{itemize}
+    \end{itemize}
+  \end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
 \section{Conclusion}
 \subsection{Conclusion}
 \begin{frame}{Conclusion}
@@ -993,13 +1207,22 @@ Vcs-Svn: svn://svn.debian.org/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl
     \item If not sure, use the \textbf{dh} packaging helper, and the \textbf{3.0 (quilt)} format
     \end{itemize}
     \br
-  \item Debian is not only a technical project, it's also a community
+  \item Things that were not covered in this tutorial:
+    \begin{itemize}
+       \item UCF -- manage user changes to configuration files when upgrading
+               \hbr
+       \item dpkg triggers -- group similar maintainer scripts actions together
+               \hbr
+       \item Debian development organization:
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item Bug Tracking System (BTS)
+                       \item Suites: stable, testing, unstable, experimental, security, *-updates, backports, \ldots
+                       \item Debian Blends -- subsets of Debian targeting specific groups
+               \end{itemize}
+               \end{itemize}
   \end{itemize}
   \vfill
   \centerline{\large Feedback: \textbf{lucas@debian.org}}
-  \vfill
-
-  \centerline{\includegraphics[height=2.8cm]{figs/debconf10}}
 \end{frame}
 
 \subsection{Legal stuff}
@@ -1028,64 +1251,487 @@ Vcs-Svn: svn://svn.debian.org/pkg-perl/trunk/libwww-perl
 \begin{frame}{Latest version \& source code}
   \begin{itemize}
   \item Latest version:\\
-    {\footnotesize \url{http://git.debian.org/?p=users/lucas/packaging-tutorial.git;a=blob\_plain;f=packaging-tutorial.pdf;hb=refs/heads/pdf}}
+    {\footnotesize \url{http://git.debian.org/?p=collab-maint/packaging-tutorial.git;a=blob\_plain;f=packaging-tutorial.pdf;hb=refs/heads/pdf}}
   \end{itemize}
   
   \begin{itemize}
-  \item Contribute:\\
-    \texttt{git clone git://git.debian.org/\~{}lucas/packaging-tutorial.git}\\
+  \item Contribute:
+         \begin{itemize}
+                 \item  {\small \texttt{git clone\\ git://git.debian.org/collab-maint/packaging-tutorial.git}}
+    \hbr
+    \item {\small \texttt{apt-get source packaging-tutorial}}
     \hbr
-    Or over HTTP: \url{http://git.debian.org/?p=users/lucas/packaging-tutorial.git}
+    \item {\small \url{http://git.debian.org/?p=collab-maint/packaging-tutorial.git}}
+    \end{itemize}
     \br
   \item Feedback: \href{mailto:lucas@debian.org}{\textbf{\texttt{lucas@debian.org}}}
   \end{itemize}
 \end{frame}
 
-\backupbegin
+\section{Practical session 2: packaging GNUjump}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 2: packaging GNUjump}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Download GNUjump 1.0.6 from
+               \url{http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gnujump/1.0.6/gnujump-1.0.6.tar.gz}
+               \br
+       \item Create a Debian package for it
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item Install build-dependencies so that you can build the package
+                       \item Get a basic working package
+                       \item Finish filling \texttt{debian/control} and other files
+               \end{itemize}
+               \br
+       \item Enjoy
+\end{enumerate}
+\centerline{\includegraphics[width=5cm]{figs/gnujump.png}}
+\end{frame}
 
-\begin{frame}{TODO}
-  \begin{itemize}
-  \item more practical sessions
-  \item debc and lintian should really pick-up the .changes file automatically
-  \item UCF
-  \item Blends
-  \item BTS
-  \item security
-  \item volatiles
-  \end{itemize}
+\section{Practical session 3: packaging a Java library}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 3: packaging a Java library}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Take a quick look at some documentation about Java packaging:\\
+               \begin{itemize}
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Java}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Java/Packaging}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/packaging-manuals/java-policy/}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://pkg-java.alioth.debian.org/docs/tutorial.html}
+      \hbr
+               \item Paper and slides from a Debconf10 talk about javahelper:\\
+                       {\footnotesize
+                       \url{http://pkg-java.alioth.debian.org/docs/debconf10-javahelper-paper.pdf}\\
+                       \url{http://pkg-java.alioth.debian.org/docs/debconf10-javahelper-slides.pdf}}
+               \end{itemize}
+               \br
+       \item Download IRClib from \url{http://moepii.sourceforge.net/}
+               \br
+       \item Package it
+\end{enumerate}
 \end{frame}
 
-\begin{frame}{Debian branches (\textsl{suites})}
-  \begin{itemize}
-  \item \textbf{stable} (currently codenamed \textbf{squeeze}): stable and
-    supported. Only important bug fixes.  \br
-  \item \textbf{testing} (currently codenamed \textbf{wheezy}): the future
-    stable release.  \br
-  \item \textbf{unstable} (always codenamed \textbf{sid}): where most of the
-    work occurs, and where packages are uploaded. Packages migrate
-    automatically from \textsl{unstable} to \textsl{testing} according to some
-    rules.  \br
-  \item \textbf{experimental}: for experimental packages that are not suited
-    for a stable release.
-  \end{itemize}
-  \hbr 
-  Developers mostly run \textsl{unstable} or \textsl{testing} (with
-  \textsl{APT pinning}) \hbr
-  
-  Packages can be \textbf{backported} from \textsl{testing/unstable} to
-  \textsl{stable}. See \url{http://backports.debian.org/}
+\section{Practical session 4: packaging a Ruby gem}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 4: packaging a Ruby gem}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Take a quick look at some documentation about Ruby packaging:\\
+               \begin{itemize}
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Ruby}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Ruby}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Ruby/Packaging}
+      \hbr
+               \item \texttt{gem2deb(1)}, \texttt{dh\_ruby(1)} (in the \texttt{gem2deb} package)
+               \end{itemize}
+               \hbr
+       \item Create a basic Debian source package from the \texttt{net-ssh} gem:\\
+               \texttt{gem2deb net-ssh}
+       \hbr
+       \item Improve it so that it becomes a proper Debian package
+\end{enumerate}
 \end{frame}
 
-\begin{frame}{Debian dashboards for maintainers}
-  \begin{itemize}
-  \item Source package centric: Packages Tracking System\\
-    \url{http://packages.qa.debian.org/dpkg}
-    \br
-  \item Maintainer/team centric: Developer's Packages Overview\\
-    \url{http://qa.debian.org/developer.php?login=pkg-ruby-extras-maintainers@lists.alioth.debian.org}
-  \end{itemize}
+\section{Answers to practical sessions}
+
+\begin{frame}
+       \begin{center}
+               \LARGE Answers to\\[0.5em]  practical sessions
+       \end{center}
 \end{frame}
 
-\backupend
+
+\subsection{Practical session 1: modifying the grep package}
+
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 1: modifying the grep package}
+\begin{enumerate}
+  \item Go to \url{http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/g/grep/} and
+    download version 2.6.3-3 of the package (if you use Ubuntu 11.10 or
+    later, or Debian testing or unstable, use version 2.9-1 or 2.9-2 instead)
+
+       \item Look at the files in \texttt{debian/}.
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item           How many binary packages are generated by this source package?
+                       \item           Which packaging helper does this package use?
+               \end{itemize}
+    \hbr
+       \item Build the package
+    \hbr
+       \item We are now going to modify the package. Add a changelog entry and increase the version number.
+    \hbr
+       \item Now disable perl-regexp support (it is a \texttt{./configure} option)
+    \hbr
+       \item Rebuild the package
+    \hbr
+       \item Compare the original and the new package with debdiff
+    \hbr
+       \item Install the newly built package
+    \hbr
+       \item Cry if you messed up ;)
+\end{enumerate}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Fetching the source}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Go to \url{http://ftp.debian.org/debian/pool/main/g/grep/} and
+               download version 2.6.3-3 of the package
+\end{enumerate}
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item Use dget to download the \texttt{.dsc} file:\\
+               {\small \texttt{dget http://cdn.debian.net/debian/pool/main/g/grep/grep\_2.6.3-3.dsc}}
+               \hbr
+       \item According to \texttt{http://packages.qa.debian.org/grep}, \texttt{grep} version 2.6.3-3 is currently in \textsl{stable} (\textsl{squeeze}). If you have \texttt{deb-src} lines for \textsl{squeeze} in your \texttt{/etc/apt/sources.list}, you can use:\\
+               \texttt{apt-get source grep=2.6.3-3}\\
+               or \texttt{apt-get source grep/stable}\\
+               or, if you feel lucky: \texttt{apt-get source grep}
+       \hbr
+       \item The \texttt{grep} source package is composed of three files:
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item \texttt{grep\_2.6.3-3.dsc}
+                       \item \texttt{grep\_2.6.3-3.debian.tar.bz2}
+                       \item \texttt{grep\_2.6.3.orig.tar.bz2}
+               \end{itemize}
+               This is typical of the "3.0 (quilt)" format.
+       \hbr
+\item If needed, uncompress the source with\\
+       \texttt{dpkg-source -x grep\_2.6.3-3.dsc}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Looking around and building the package}
+       \begin{enumerate}
+                       \setcounter{enumi}{1}
+       \item Look at the files in \texttt{debian/}.
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item           How many binary packages are generated by this source package?
+                       \item           Which packaging helper does this package use?
+               \end{itemize}
+       \end{enumerate}
+       \hbr
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item According to \texttt{debian/control}, this package only generates one binary package, named \texttt{grep}.
+                       \hbr
+               \item According to \texttt{debian/rules}, this package is typical of \textsl{classic} debhelper packaging, without using \textsl{CDBS} or \textsl{dh}. One can see the various calls to \texttt{dh\_*} commands in \texttt{debian/rules}.
+       \end{itemize}
+       \hbr
+       \begin{enumerate}
+                       \setcounter{enumi}{2}
+
+               \item Build the package
+       \end{enumerate}
+       \hbr
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item Use \texttt{apt-get build-dep grep} to fetch the build-dependencies
+               \item Then \texttt{debuild} or \texttt{dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc} (Takes about 1 min)
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Editing the changelog}
+       \begin{enumerate}
+                       \setcounter{enumi}{3}
+
+       \item We are now going to modify the package. Add a changelog entry and increase the version number.
+       \end{enumerate}
+       \hbr
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item \texttt{debian/changelog} is a text file. You could edit it and add a new entry manually.
+       \hbr
+               \item Or you can use \texttt{dch -i}, which will add an entry and open the editor
+       \hbr
+               \item The name and email can be defined using the \texttt{DEBFULLNAME} and \texttt{DEBEMAIL} environment variables
+       \hbr
+               \item After that, rebuild the package: a new version of the package is built
+       \hbr
+               \item Package versioning is detailed in section 5.6.12 of the Debian policy\\
+                       \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-controlfields.html}
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Disabling Perl regexp support and rebuilding}
+       \begin{enumerate}
+                       \setcounter{enumi}{4}
+
+       \item Now disable perl-regexp support (it is a \texttt{./configure} option)
+       \item Rebuild the package
+       \end{enumerate}
+       \hbr
+       \begin{itemize}
+         \item Check with \texttt{./configure -{}-help}: the option to disable
+           Perl regexp is \texttt{-{}-disable-perl-regexp}
+       \hbr
+               \item Edit \texttt{debian/rules} and find the \texttt{./configure} line
+       \hbr
+               \item Add \texttt{-{}-disable-perl-regexp}
+       \hbr
+               \item Rebuild with \texttt{debuild} or \texttt{dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc}
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Comparing and testing the packages}
+       \begin{enumerate}
+                       \setcounter{enumi}{6}
+
+       \item Compare the original and the new package with debdiff
+       \item Install the newly built package
+       \end{enumerate}
+       \hbr
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item Compare the binary packages: \texttt{debdiff ../*changes}
+       \hbr
+               \item Compare the source packages: \texttt{debdiff ../*dsc}
+       \hbr
+               \item Install the newly built package: \texttt{debi}\\
+                       Or \texttt{dpkg -i ../grep\_<TAB>}
+       \hbr
+               \item \texttt{grep -P foo} no longer works!
+       \end{itemize}
+\br
+\begin{enumerate}
+               \setcounter{enumi}{8}
+       \item Cry if you messed up ;)
+\end{enumerate}
+\hbr
+Or not: reinstall the previous version of the package:
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item \texttt{apt-get install -{}-reinstall grep=2.6.3-3} \textit{(= previous version)}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\subsection{Practical session 2: packaging GNUjump}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 2: packaging GNUjump}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Download GNUjump 1.0.6 from
+               \url{http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gnujump/1.0.6/gnujump-1.0.6.tar.gz}
+               \br
+       \item Create a Debian package for it
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item Install build-dependencies so that you can build the package
+                       \item Get a basic working package
+                       \item Finish filling \texttt{debian/control} and other files
+               \end{itemize}
+               \br
+       \item Enjoy
+\end{enumerate}
+\centerline{\includegraphics[width=5cm]{figs/gnujump.png}}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{Step by step\ldots}
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item \texttt{wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/gnujump/1.0.6/gnujump-1.0.6.tar.gz}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{mv gnujump-1.0.6.tar.gz gnujump\_1.0.6.orig.tar.gz}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{tar xf gnujump\_1.0.6.orig.tar.gz}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{cd gnujump-1.0.6/}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{dh\_make}
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item \small Type of package: single binary (for now)
+       \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
+\begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\small]
+gnujump-1.0.6$ ls debian/
+changelog           gnujump.default.ex   preinst.ex
+compat              gnujump.doc-base.EX  prerm.ex
+control             init.d.ex            README.Debian
+copyright           manpage.1.ex         README.source
+docs                manpage.sgml.ex      rules
+emacsen-install.ex  manpage.xml.ex       source
+emacsen-remove.ex   menu.ex              watch.ex
+emacsen-startup.ex  postinst.ex
+gnujump.cron.d.ex   postrm.ex
+\end{lstlisting}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{Step by step\ldots (2)}
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item Look at \texttt{debian/changelog}, \texttt{debian/rules}, \texttt{debian/control}\\
+               (auto-filled by \textbf{dh\_make})
+               \hbr
+       \item In \texttt{debian/control}:\\
+               \texttt{Build-Depends: debhelper (>= 7.0.50~), autotools-dev}\\
+               Lists the \textsl{build-dependencies} = packages needed to build the package
+               \hbr
+       \item Try to build the package as-is (thanks to \textbf{dh} magic)
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item And add build-dependencies, until it builds
+                       \item Hint: use \texttt{apt-cache search} and \texttt{apt-file} to find the packages
+                       \item Example:
+\begin{lstlisting}[basicstyle=\ttfamily\footnotesize]
+checking for sdl-config... no
+checking for SDL - version >= 1.2.0... no
+[...]
+configure: error: *** SDL version 1.2.0 not found!
+\end{lstlisting}
+$\rightarrow$ Add \textbf{libsdl1.2-dev} to Build-Depends and install it.
+               \hbr
+       \item Better: use \textbf{pbuilder} to build in a clean environment
+               \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Step by step\ldots (3)}
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item After installing \texttt{libsdl1.2-dev, libsdl-image1.2-dev, libsdl-mixer1.2-dev}, the package builds fine.
+               \hbr
+       \item Use \texttt{debc} to list the content of the generated package.
+               \hbr
+       \item Use \texttt{debi} to install it and test it.
+               \hbr
+       \item Fill in \texttt{debian/control} using \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/debian-policy/ch-controlfields.html}
+               \hbr
+       \item Test the package with \texttt{lintian}
+               \hbr
+       \item Remove the files that you don't need in \texttt{debian/}
+               \hbr
+       \item Compare your package with the one already packaged in Debian:
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item It splits the data files to a second package, that is the same across all architectures ($\rightarrow$ saves space in the Debian archive)
+                       \item It installs a .desktop file (for the GNOME/KDE menus) and also integrates into the Debian menu
+                       \item It fixes a few minor problems using patches
+               \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\subsection{Practical session 3: packaging a Java library}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 3: packaging a Java library}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Take a quick look at some documentation about Java packaging:\\
+               \begin{itemize}
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Java}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Java/Packaging}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://www.debian.org/doc/packaging-manuals/java-policy/}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://pkg-java.alioth.debian.org/docs/tutorial.html}
+      \hbr
+               \item Paper and slides from a Debconf10 talk about javahelper:\\
+                       {\footnotesize
+                       \url{http://pkg-java.alioth.debian.org/docs/debconf10-javahelper-paper.pdf}\\
+                       \url{http://pkg-java.alioth.debian.org/docs/debconf10-javahelper-slides.pdf}}
+               \end{itemize}
+               \br
+       \item Download IRClib from \url{http://moepii.sourceforge.net/}
+               \br
+       \item Package it
+\end{enumerate}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Step by step\ldots}
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item \texttt{apt-get install javahelper}
+               \hbr
+       \item Create a basic source package: \texttt{jh\_makepkg}
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item Library
+                       \item None
+                       \item Default Free compiler/runtime
+               \end{itemize}
+               \hbr
+       \item Look at and fix \texttt{debian/*}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{dpkg-buildpackage -us -uc} or \texttt{debuild}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{lintian}, \texttt{debc}, etc.
+               \hbr
+       \item Compare your result with the \texttt{libirclib-java} source package
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\subsection{Practical session 4: packaging a Ruby gem}
+\begin{frame}{Practical session 4: packaging a Ruby gem}
+\begin{enumerate}
+       \item Take a quick look at some documentation about Ruby packaging:\\
+               \begin{itemize}
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Ruby}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Ruby}
+      \hbr
+               \item \url{http://wiki.debian.org/Teams/Ruby/Packaging}
+      \hbr
+               \item \texttt{gem2deb(1)}, \texttt{dh\_ruby(1)} (in the \texttt{gem2deb} package)
+               \end{itemize}
+               \hbr
+       \item Create a basic Debian source package from the \texttt{net-ssh} gem:\\
+               \texttt{gem2deb net-ssh}
+       \hbr
+       \item Improve it so that it becomes a proper Debian package
+\end{enumerate}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}{Step by step\ldots}
+\texttt{gem2deb net-ssh}:
+\begin{itemize}
+\item Downloads the gem from rubygems.org
+\item Creates a suitable .orig.tar.gz archive, and untar it
+\item Initializes a Debian source package based on the gem's metadata
+       \begin{itemize}
+               \item Named \texttt{ruby-\textsl{gemname}}
+       \end{itemize}
+\item Tries to build the Debian binary package (this might fail)
+\end{itemize}
+\br
+\texttt{dh\_ruby} (included in \textsl{gem2deb}) does the Ruby-specific tasks:
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item Build C extensions for each Ruby version
+       \item Copy files to their destination directory
+       \item Update shebangs in executable scripts
+       \item Run tests defined in \texttt{debian/ruby-tests.rb} or \texttt{debian/ruby-test-files.yaml}, as well as various other checks
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{Step by step\ldots (2)}
+Improve the generated package:
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item Run \texttt{debclean} to clean the source tree. Look at \texttt{debian/}.
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{changelog} and \texttt{compat} should be correct
+               \hbr
+       \item Edit \texttt{debian/control}: uncomment \texttt{Homepage}, improve \texttt{Description}
+               \hbr
+       \item Write a proper \texttt{copyright} file based on the upstream files
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{ruby-net-ssh.docs}: install \texttt{README.rdoc}
+               \hbr
+       \item \texttt{ruby-tests.rb}: run the tests. In that case, it is enough to do:\\
+               \verb+$: << 'test' << 'lib' << '.'+\\
+               \verb+require 'test/test_all.rb'+
+\end{itemize}
+\end{frame}
+
+\begin{frame}[fragile]{Step by step\ldots (3)}
+Build the package.
+It fails to build. There are two problems:
+\begin{itemize}
+       \item You need to disable the \texttt{gem} call in the test suite.\\
+       In \texttt{test/common.rb}, remove the \verb+gem "test-unit"+ line:
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item \texttt{edit-patch disable-gem.patch}
+                       \item Edit \texttt{test/common.rb}, remove the \texttt{gem} line. Exit the sub-shell
+                       \item Describe the changes in \texttt{debian/changelog}
+                       \item Document the patch in \texttt{debian/patches/disable-gem.patch}
+               \end{itemize}
+               \hbr
+
+       \item The package lacks a build-dependency on \texttt{ruby-mocha},
+               which is used by the test suite (you might need to build your
+               package in a clean environment, using \texttt{pbuilder}, to
+               reproduce that problem)
+
+               \begin{itemize}
+                       \item Add \texttt{ruby-mocha} to the package's \texttt{Build-Depends}
+
+                       \item \textsl{gem2deb} copies the dependencies
+                               documented in the \textsl{gem} as comments in
+                               \texttt{debian/control}, but \textsl{mocha} is
+                               not listed as a development dependency by the
+                               gem (that's a bug in the gem)
+               \end{itemize}
+\end{itemize}
+\hbr
+Compare your package with the \texttt{ruby-net-ssh} package in the Debian archive
+\end{frame}
 
 \end{document}